The following pictures were taken by Robert Daniels over
(Additional American Civil War Battle-Sites and
Other Notable Pictures of the War by Robert Daniels is licensed under
CC BY 4.0.)
The American Civil War, fought between 12 April 1861 and
9 May 1865 was one of the bloodiest wars fought by the United States.
Fought mostly in the southern states, it cost the lives of between
620,000 and 750,000 soldiers (both Union and Confederate. Many of the
battlefields that remain today and are open to the public are under the
protection of and administered by the U.S. National Park Service, while
others are protected and managed by state or local governments. What
follows are pictures of some of these sites that I visited. These
pictures were taken over numerous years. I hope you enjoy viewing them.
Included to-date are the Battles
of or sites of:
The Siege of Suffolk
The Dismal Canal and The Battle
of South Mills
The Seven Days Battles of
Glendale and Malvern Hill
Eastern Richmond Defensive
Fortifications including Fort Gilmore, Fort Johnson, Fort Harrison, Fort
Hoke, and Fort Brady
Also included are several
pictures of monuments and memorials in some Norfolk and Suffolk
Siege of Suffolk, Virginia
About 17 or so miles southwest of
Portsmouth, Virginia, is the city of Suffolk. Soon after the fall
of both Norfolk and Portsmouth to the northeast in May of 1862 until the
end of the war, Suffolk was under the control of Union forces.
However, from early April to May of 1863 the city was laid siege to by
Confederate forces under the command of Confederate General James
Longstreet. During this siege, the Union sent a small fleet of
armored ironclad ships down the Nansemond River to relieve the siege.
This fleet was fired at and returned fire upon Confederate shore
batteries along the river just west of the town. Soon afterward,
Longstreet and his troops were recalled by General Robert E. Lee, ending
the siege. Although no known fortifications remain of this siege,
two historical markers are present in the city to commemorate the
siege. Both are located on N. Main Street, one at its intersection
with Godwin Blvd. and Pruden Blvd., and the other about 3/4th of a mile
south near the parking lot of a Pizza Hut.
Located in Suffolk's Cedar Hill
Cemetery is the following plaque concerning the siege.
A few miles north east of Suffolk
along the southbound lanes of Highway 58 stands the below maker.
The actual site of the Pig Point Battery is, as the marker states, about
3 direct miles north of the maker at the eastern shoreline of the mouth
of the Nansemond River where it enters the James River. Today the
area is part of the Tidewater Community College property just west of
the Monitor-Merrimack Bridge-Tunnel of I-664. No remains of the
actual battery are extant.
Dismal Swamp Canal and the
Battle of South Mills
Leading South from what is now
Chesapeake, Virginia, to the Albemarle Sound in North Carolina, is the
Dismal Swamp Canal. It skirts the eastern edge of the Dismal Swamp
and passes through South Mills, North Carolina, where a lock was at the
time and still is located today. During the war, both sides wanted
control of the canal since it connected the Portsmouth/Norfolk area with
the Sound, therefore, it was as an avenue of supplies to the Confederacy
in the area. Two skirmished occurred over the control of the
canal, the first in April 1862 and the second in December 1863.
Following are pictures and markers pertaining to the canal and these
This marker is located in the
Deep Creek Lock Park, in the Deep Creek section of Chesapeake, Virginia.
This marker is located in the
Dismal Swamp Canal Trail parking lot, in the Deep Creek section of
The above two markers are located
in the Ballahack Boat Ramp/Dismal Swamp Canal Trail parking lot along
the canal/trail near the corner of Ballahack Rd. and Highway 17 in
southern Chesapeake. Although the North West Canal is no longer
usable, its remnants can be seen along Glencoe St. just north of the
remains of the Beeckwood Manor and cemetery (see below).
Beechwood Manor and its cemetery,
both located on Belle Haven St. in southern Chesapeake, Virginia about a
mile east of the canal.
Map of the Civil War in North
Carolina (from the above marker)
CSS Albemarle (from the above marker)
SS Massaoit (from the above marker)
The "Battle of Elizabeth City"
painting (from the above marker)
The above marker and its insets
are located just off of the parking lot in the Dismal Swamp Canal
Welcome Center along Highway 17, 3 miles south of the Virginia-North
Carolina state border in North Carolina.
The above marker is located on
Canal Dr. in South Mills, North Carolina, just west of the South Mills
This marker is situated on State
Road 343, about 2.5 miles southeast of South Mills.
To the east of the village of
Deep Creek was the Village of Great Bridge, now part of Chesapeake, VA.
Years earlier, a battle had been fought here - known as the Battle of
Great Bridge - between Patriot forces and those aligned with the British
prior to the actual full-fledged outbreak of the Revolutionary War.
During the Civil War, the canal and lock at Great Bridge were important
to both the Union and the Confederacy. Below are pictures of a
plaque and its inset map that is located in the Great Bridge Lock Park.
Norfolk, VA, Cemeteries
Cemeteries in the south are full
of memorials to southern (Confederate) soldiers. Norfolk's
cemeteries are no different. Below is a statue commemorating
Confederate dead that was recently transferred from downtown Norfolk to
the Elmwood Cemetery.
Next to the Elmwood
Cemetery is the West Point Cemetery. Unlike the Elmwood Cemetery,
which was only for whites, the West Point Cemetery was for
African-Americans. It was very common of the era to have separate
cemeteries for the two races. In the West Point cemetery is a statue to Sergeant
William H. Carney of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment, the
colored regiment made famous in the movie Glory. For his bravery
in the 18 July 1863 battle for Fort Wagner, South Carolina, Carney would
be awarded the Medal of Honor. Not pictured, surrounding the
statue are gravesites of 100 other African-American veterans, including
several Buffalo Soldiers.
Suffolk, VA, Cemetery
Suffolk's Cedar Hill
Cemetery contains the remains of numerous Confederate veterans,
including a plaque commemorating them.
Even the Jamestown Island, the
site of the earliest permanent English settlement in the Americas, was
fortified during the Civil War.
This marker is located along the
Island Drive, the driving tour road around the island. Behind it,
in the overgrown woods, is what remains of the fortification.
Seven Days Battles
East and southeast of Richmond are the sites of
what is known as the Seven Days Battles, effectively the last battles of
the 1862 Peninsula Campaign that took place one after the other on seven
consecutive days from 25 June to 1 July 1862. They are now part of
the Richmond National Battlefield Park.
(Currently, only The Battle of
Glendale and The Battle of Malvern Hill of these Seven Days Battles is
listed here. The Others will come.)
The last two and most southern of
these seven battles are known as
The Battle of Glendale
(30 June) and
The Battle of Malvern Hill,
the latter fought on 1 July. These are both along the Willis
Church Road southeast of
Heading south on Willis
Church Road one first comes to the below historical maker, positioned on
the west side of the road.
A couple of hundred feet
down and on the east side of the road sits the Glendale National
Cemetery, near where 30 June
Battle of Glendale
A little over a mile south
of the Glendale National Cemetery along Willis Church Road, is the
Confederate position of the battle. There are markers on either
side of the road. Malvern Hill can be seen in the distance
to the south.
To the east of the road is a
parking area with several interpretive markers as well as a walking
Across the road is another,
smaller parking area and a couple additional interpretive markers along
with the remains of a church parsonage.
Just south of this position
along Willis Church Road - at its intersection with Carters Mill Road -
stands the following historical marker. The battle field is behind
Further up the road, at the
top of the hill is the Union position during the battle. A parking
lot and several interpretive markers are available. This site is
also located on either side of Willis
Church Road, and is about 2 direct miles north of the James River.
The following pictures and
associated plaques and markers are taken from the Union position on
Malvern Hill facing northward towards what was the approaching